Estimated Size of the North American Bison Population

Compiled by the National Bison Association

  United States Canada Total
Bison on U.S. Ranches in 2017 (USDA Census) 183780  

183780

Bison on Canadian Ranches in 2016 (Census of Ag)

 

119314

119314

Addl. Ranched Bison since last U.S and CA Census (NBA Est.)

3000

2000

5000

Bison in Federal Herds (DOI 2014)

9855

 

9855

Bison in State and other Public Herds (USFWS 2011)

9008

1949

10957

Additional animals in Public Herds since 2011 (est.)

3000

10500

13500

Tribal Herds (Est.)

20000

0

20000

 

228643

133763

362406